Why the upcoming SCO summit in Samarkand is important and what to expect from the outcome

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit will be held in the historic Uzbek city of Samarkand on September 15-16. The upcoming event will see leaders of the SCO countries convene in an in-person format for the first time in three years, providing a unique and effective opportunity to discuss the bilateral, regional and global issues that have persisted since the beginning of the accumulated COVID pandemic.

In connection with serious changes in international politics as well as in the economy, the value of
the peak in Samarkand has grown exponentially. Various key decisions
Agreements are likely to be made in Samarkand, most of which will determine the future development of the organization.

A simple state must be understood by the world community – the SCO is not a bloc. It is an organization that promotes the concepts of multifaceted cooperation and does not pursue geopolitical goals or set specific agendas against any nation. These principles are clearly formulated in their charter. The organization’s history proves that any member flying the SCO banner must abide by these strict rules.

Fifteen heads of state and ten heads of state will attend the Samarkand summit
international organizations collaborating with the SCO. Given the organization
representative status and structure, this summit will serve as further confirmation of Uzbekistan’s growing geopolitical and economic influence and central role
its President, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, continues to play as a major politician on the world stage.

For the past year, Uzbekistan has chaired the SCO, where its activities in the role have mirrored Tashkent’s new foreign policy initiatives. The focus is on pragmatism,
Dynamism and initiative, which have become Uzbekistan’s diplomatic calling card
in the past few years. The country’s independent and multifaceted foreign policy has
enabled a balance of interests between medium-sized and small countries
in the room of the SCO.

According to international affairs analysts, this gives Tashkent a key advantage within the organization, namely the trust of all SCO countries, which allows it to confidently promote large regional and global initiatives through this platform.

The conceptual approach of Uzbekistan, along which path the SCO
The Uzbek government’s priorities – trade, industrial and technological cooperation, strengthening transport and economic links, innovation, digital transformation and a green economy – should usher in this new era of world politics.

Uzbekistan has invited its SCO members to reconsider the value of the multilateral
Working together in an ongoing period of great geopolitical and economic upheaval. As a result, President Mirziyoyev is expected to present a number of landmark initiatives and proposals at the SCO summit in Samarkand, which should serve as a significant revitalization of the SCO’s agenda and a comprehensive modernization of the organization.

These new initiatives come at a time when interest in the future potential of the SCO is growing. It is undeniable that the heart of the organization lies in the countries of Central Asia, since the SCO itself was originally conceived and founded to develop a new format of cooperation in this strategic region of almost 80 million people. The constructive contribution of the SCO to stability, security and building multilateral cooperation in Central Asia is an indisputable fact.

Today the organization is entering a critical phase of transformation, namely this process
is due both to the expansion of its membership and to changing realities
within and around the organization. On the Samarkand summit the signing
A Memorandum of Obligations from Iran is expected, which will open the country to it
a direct path to membership in the SCO. In addition, memoranda to grant dialogue partner status are signed with Egypt, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Approval of applications for partner status is also expected with Bahrain and the Maldives.

However, Central Asia will continue to be the core of the SCO as it serves as the hub of the organization’s expanding space. It is in the interests of the SCO to strengthen the positive and irreversible processes underway across Central Asia. More than any other factor, this is key to the overall success of the organization.

A number of important decisions will be made at the summit. 30 coordinated documents aimed at strengthening have already been prepared
the multi-faceted interaction of the SCO to take its internal collaboration to a whole new level. At the same time, the organizers pointed out that this list will be expanded further.
The Samarkand Declaration, the final document issued at the conclusion of the summit and reflecting the joint agreements of all SCO countries, will address how the organization seeks to resolve both regional and global issues through a process that addresses specific issues identifies priorities driving the development of the SCO.